After earning his bachelor’s degree in Biology from the University of Florence, Martino Calamai has worked under contract at the Department of Biochemical Sciences on the aggregation of proteins, a process implicated in several diseases such as Alzheimer’s and diabetes type II. He then moved to the lab of Prof. Chris Dobson at the University of Cambridge for a doctorate in Chemistry funded through a Marie Curie Training Network, and then to the group of Prof. Antoine Triller at the Ecole Normale Supérieure of Paris for a 2-year post-doctorate in Neuroscience funded by FEBS. In 2009 he joined the Biophysics Group of Prof. Francesco Pavone at LENS with a Marie Curie IEF fellowship provided by the European Commission. After a brief period as head of the research unit within the Italian ministerial program FIRB-Futuro in Ricerca2010, in 2012 he obtained a position as a permanent researcher at the National Research Council (CNR), initially at the Neuroscience Institute and then at the National Institute of Optics. He has been recently funded as head of research unit in European (H2020 NMBP-2016-2017, H2020 MSCA ITN 2020) and national (Bando ricerca salute regione Toscana 2018) research projects.